The term hybrid indicates duality in nature, and that is exactly what hybrid cars entail. Beneath the hood are two powerhouses, that maybe the electric motor plus the gasoline engine as opposed to the conventional single point of energy identified in non-hybrid cars, which was the gasoline or diesel-powered engine.
The Electric Battery
The electric motor handles normal stop-and-go travel and initial highway acceleration. The electric motor also assists the gas or diesel engine to minimize fuel consumption and emissions. As an example, it is the electric motor that drives energy-wasting accessories like the power steering pump and air conditioner,
The Gasoline Motor
At higher speeds like steady highway cruising, computers automatically switch on the gas-burning engine, which then requires more than from the electric battery as the major driving force of your car. Commonly, the compact engine is developed with variable valve timing with intelligence (VVT-i) and other advances to make sure that the fuel is burned most efficiently and completely.
How the hybrid system functions
A hybrid system can either be series or parallel, based on its supply of energy. Series hybrids are what we usually refer to as electric since they may be usually plugged in to charge. Examples incorporate Chevrolet Volt and Fisker Karma. Parallel hybrids however will not need to become plugged in sockets to charge, as their functionality includes what is generally referred to as Regenerative Braking Technology™. Because the term suggests, it is a system of computer intelligence that automatically connects the wheels to the electrical generator, so that during speed reduction phases when a driver hits the brake pedal, extra weight is created, and also the extra mechanical energy converted into electrical energy to recharge the battery.
Also to note is that in any hybrid system both the electrical and gas motor can operate in conjunction, for instance, if extra power is required to drive through a muddy surface. When such power is required as well as the electric motor alone cannot provide it, the on-board computer systems will automatically activate the gasoline motor to provide the required power. This is also common during overtaking where extra acceleration is necessary. Trailblazing together with dominating in this field is Car Brand Prius, with all the latest Prius V delivering 41 mpg due to its Electronic Throttle Control System with Intelligence (ETCS-i), but the older version offers even better mileage at 44 mpg
The battery, though expensive comes in handy with goodly warranties with dealers like Car Brand which lead in hybrid car sales in the U.S offering 8 and 10-year warranties on their batteries respectively. That’s longer than many people own their cars; it is enough to put on 100,000 miles with ordinary driving and 200,000 for heavy drivers. As a matter of reality, both Car Brand have said that they expect the battery to last as long because of the rest of the car.